Please answer any THREE (3) of the following questions in essay format. You must incorporate at least 3 citations in each question. Answers should be approximately 500 words in length. You may use the textbook, assigned papers, and/or any other relevant primary literature material you like. You must provide a bibliography at the end. Be sure to indicate which questions you are answering by number.
1) Evaluate the utility of the following statement from Seung (2011): ‘Nothing defines the function of a neuron more than its connections with other neurons.’ Be sure to outline the guiding principles behind the connectome, delineate in what ways it is similar to/different from a genome, and provide experimental evidence to support your claims.
2)The nervous system is highly adept at transducing and encoding physical stimuli. Choose one sensory system: describe the nature of the physical stimulus, outline the transduction process, and discuss how the ultimate percept is constructed as the sensory signal and propagated through higher levels of neural processing (via topographic organization, modality segregation, columnar organization, serial/parallel processing, and/or receptive fields). Incorporate physiological, anatomical, and psychological evidence in your response.
3)What does it mean to be conscious? What evidence is there to suggest that consciousness is rooted physiological processes? Is consciousness necessarily a general property of the entire brain, or a product of one or a few structures? Why?
4)Why is it more useful to characterize neurochemical activities by the receptors that bind them, rather than the chemical itself? Give specific examples. How can our knowledge of receptor function inform applied research to treat specific diseases/disorders?
5)Humans are not born with fully developed cerebral cortexes. Why is it important to study adolescent behavior within the context of development? How does cerebral cortexdependent behavior develop throughout early life, and what real-world implications might this information have?
6)All organisms exhibit rhythmic periods of activity. Evaluate whether and how sleep is a restorative process. Employ a comparative perspective in your response, and incorporate the role sleep plays in mediating different behaviors.